a. Fool is led away with persuasive words
b. Either canít see the truth or chooses to ignore it
c. A fool listens when he should not
d. He is led away and is not able to see the trap being set before him
e. Fool knows God, but he listens to other people
a. The wise person listens to others and accepts commands
b. A fool is one who does not listen because he/she is always talking
c. A fool is so busy telling everyone else what he knows that he does listen to true wisdom
d. A fool is one who speaks without listening
a. Now we see a fool linked to someone who acts maliciously or cruelly
b. Notice, this verse ends with the same words as verse 8.
c. Repetition is a key means of teaching a truth
d. A fool who talks and talks causes much grief and will come to ruin
e. All the malicious, loose words will come back to them
b. This verse uses a comparison. It shows two people who are alike.
c. He who conceals hatred is a liar.
d. Why? Because God knows what is in our hearts. We canít cover it up
e. In the same way, someone who spreads slander is a fool.
f. Why? Because God knows what we say and it will be found out.
g. Slander and lying hurt people in many ways.
h. A fool does not see that or does not care.
i. A fool believes he can say what he wants and nothing will happen to him
j. Verse 19 again tells us that a wise person holds his tongue while a fool lets it run loose.
a. Sport = laughter (in meriment or defiance):óderision, laughter (-ed to scorn, -ing), mocked, sport.
b. Fool = properly fat, that is, (figuratively) stupid or silly:ófool (-ish).
c. Mischief = a plan, especially a bad one:óheinous crime, lewd (-ly, -ness), mischief, purpose, thought, wicked (device, mind, -ness).
d. In other words, a fool is a stupid person who finds delight and enjoyment in bad, wicked plans
e. A fool thinks stealing a car and joyriding around is fun
f. A fool has no understanding in that he canít see anything wrong with enjoying other peopleís misery
g. i.e. Saddam Hussein, Hitler
a. Again, we have a comparison
b. How can one inherit the wind? What would one have? Nothing. And that is the point.
c. One who brings trouble will not inherit anything. What he has will slip through his fingers as the wind does.
d. This person is incapable of holding on to anything
e. A fool is like this person because he cannot lead anyone or direct anyone
f. A fool, because of his lack of insight and moral looseness, will end up serving the wise.
g. Eventually, his foolish ways will be exposed and people will stop following or listening to the fool.
a. If the way of fool is right to him, then a fool will not take any advice or correction.
b. A fool is one who cannot see any error in his ways, or he will not admit to it.
c. Everyone needs advice. We all need others to help us refine our direction and course because often we canít see our mistakes.
d. A fool sees everyone else as needing correction. The world is crooked, not the fool.
e. Therefore, correcting a fool is foolish.
f. Following that, we read that a fool is eager to let everyone know he is foolish
g. A fool speaks what is on his mind without prior thought or restraint
h. A wise person will not take the bait of an insult. A wise person knows that responding to an insult or a barb will not accomplish anything positive.
i. A fool, on the other hand, shows no restraint and lets everyone know he is angry or upset. In doing so, he draws others into his anger.
5 let the wise listen and add to their learning,
and let the discerning get guidanceó
6 for understanding proverbs and parables,
the sayings and riddles of the wise.
a. Wise (2450) - wise, (that is, intelligent, skilful or artful):ócunning (man) - skilful (in technical work) - wise (in administration) - shrewd, crafty, cunning, wily, subtle - learned, shrewd (class of men) Ė prudent - wise (ethically and religiously)
b. We see that a wise person listens to those around him.
c. A wise person adds to his learning, which means he knows he does not know everything.
d. This person realizes he can learn more and become wiser by listening to others.
e. Thus, becoming wise is a never-ending process. As long as we are willing to listen to WISE counsel or guidance, we can gain in wisdom.
f. We must be careful to whom and to what we listen. A wise person listens to wise advice, so he is discerning.
g. Wise refers to being intelligent, skilful, cunning, shrewd, and wily without compromising our morals or Godís word
a. Fear = to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten - to fear, be afraid - to stand in awe of, be awed - to fear, reverence, honour, respect -to be fearful, be dreadful, be feared - to cause astonishment and awe, be held in awe - to inspire reverence or godly fear or awe
b. A wise person is not proud or vain. He does not parade his knowledge or look down upon others.
c. No matter how wise he becomes or how much knowledge he amasses, he remains humble.
d. He does this by fearing God. He honors God. He is awe of God. He has great respect for God. He is afraid of God.
e. Compared to God, the wise man is nothing. Compared to God the wise man realizes that his wisdom is foolishness to Godís.
f. Fearing God also keeps the wise person from evil.
a. The wise will inherit or acquire honor. He will not have to take it or demand it. At the right time, God will honor him.
b. Inherit can also mean to gain as an inheritance.
c. The fool will display or inherit dishonor (disgrace; (by implication) óconfusion, humiliation, reproach, shame.
d. From this verse we can infer that God is the One Who decides who is wise and deserving of honor and who is the fool and deserving of dishonor.
e. Thus, we should not envy or argue or compete with fools.
6 Go to the ant, you sluggard;
consider its ways and be wise!
7 It has no commander,
no overseer or ruler,
8 yet it stores its provisions in summer
and gathers its food at harvest.
a. Wise = to be or become wise, act wisely -to make wise, teach wisdom, instruct -to be made wise -to show oneself wise, deceive, show oneís wisdom
b. We can become wise by watching the ant! This will humble the proud and make the fool laugh.
c. From this verse we can see that a fool is one who does not work nor does he make plans for the future. The fool wastes much.
d. A wise person listens to good advice and makes adequate preparations. A wise person works and is not lazy.
a. This verse is similar to Prov. 1:5. A wise person listens to instructions and does not ignore it.
b. Some people will listen, but they will not pay attention.
c. A wise person puts good instruction into practice.
8 Do not rebuke a mocker or he will hate you;
rebuke a wise man and he will love you.
9 Instruct a wise man and he will be wiser still;
teach a righteous man and he will add to his learning.
10 ďThe fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom,
and knowledge of the Holy One is understanding.
11 For through me your days will be many,
and years will be added to your life.
12 If you are wise, your wisdom will reward you;
if you are a mocker, you alone will suffer.Ē
a. Rebuke = to prove, decide, judge, reprimand, reprove, correct, be right
b. Donít correct a fool because he will become angry and hate you.
c. A wise person, on the other hand, will love you. Love is a strong word.
d. A wise person understands that he needs correction, discipline, and accountability. He understands that these are beneficial and necessary.
e. Therefore, he loves them in that he can see the value. He does not become angry or defensive.
f. He knows that his wisdom will bring him a reward from God. Being wise never escapes Godís notice.
1The proverbs of Solomon:
A wise son brings joy to his father,
but a foolish son grief to his mother.
5 He who gathers crops in summer is a wise son,
but he who sleeps during harvest is a disgraceful son.
8 The wise in heart accept commands,
but a chattering fool comes to ruin.
a. We can see the truth of verse 1 every day. Parents are brought to grief by a foolish son because they worry about him. A wise son is a blessing and brings joy.
b. Verse 2 again stresses that a wise person works and is not lazy. A wise son does what needs to be done when it needs to be done.
c. A wise man accepts commands. This means he must listen.
d. A fool never stops talking long enough to listen. He thinks he knows more than anyone else.
a. Store up = to hide, treasure, treasure or store up
b. Wise men treasure knowledge. They store it up and use it wisely. They do not store it up to impress others.
c. A fool comes to ruin because he never stops long enough to gain knowledge. He comes to ruin because he has nothing stored up for the difficult or trying times.
d. Wise men listen and remember. They can reach down and pull out this knowledge when they need to because it has been treasured.
29 He who brings trouble on his family will inherit only wind,
and the fool will be servant to the wise.
30 The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life,
and he who wins souls is wise.
15 The way of a fool seems right to him,
but a wise man listens to advice.
16 A fool shows his annoyance at once,
but a prudent man overlooks an insult.
18 Reckless words pierce like a sword,
but the tongue of the wise brings healing.
14 The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life,
turning a man from the snares of death.
20 He who walks with the wise grows wise,
but a companion of fools suffers harm.
a. Watch our company. If we hang around with fools, we will become a fool.
b. If we walk with the wise, we will grow wise and will be spared much harm.
c. The wise will lead us to a full life, while a fool will lead us to trouble and misery.
The wise woman builds her house,
but with her own hands the foolish one tears hers down.
2 He whose walk is upright fears the LORD,
but he whose ways are devious despises him.
3 A foolís talk brings a rod to his back,
but the lips of the wise protect them.
2 The tongue of the wise commends knowledge,
but the mouth of the fool gushes folly.
7 The lips of the wise spread knowledge;
not so the hearts of fools.
8 Mockers stir up a city,
but wise men turn away anger.
9 If a wise man goes to court with a fool,
the fool rages and scoffs, and there is no peace.
10 Bloodthirsty men hate a man of integrity
and seek to kill the upright.
11 A fool gives full vent to his anger,
but a wise man keeps himself under control.
24 ďFour things on earth are small,
yet they are extremely wise:
25 Ants are creatures of little strength,
yet they store up their food in the summer;
26 coneys are creatures of little power,
yet they make their home in the crags;
27 locusts have no king,
yet they advance together in ranks;
28 a lizard can be caught with the hand,
yet it is found in kingsí palaces.